The NTSB has asked the FAA to “explicitly prohibit” position and hold clearances at the intersections of active runways during low-visibility conditions and at night. While the recommendation is intended for all airports that have such a runway configuration, the Safety Board’s request stems from a loosely related incident on Jan. 25, 2002, at Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport in Alaska.
There were no serious injuries or major damage initially reported following three separate incidents of business jets rolling off dry runways on April 21. A Premier I (N390BW) veered off the side of Runway 27 while landing at Windham Airport, Conn. A Learjet 25B (N24RZ) ran off the end of Runway 9R and blew a tire on landing at Tamiami Airport near Miami.
The FAA is investigating having VASI and PAPI lights begin flashing when the landing runway is occupied. Doing so could prevent “landovers,” where an aircraft continues its approach and touches down while another aircraft or vehicle is still on the runway.
The NTSB blamed the crew of the Comair Bombardier regional jet that crashed at Lexington (Ky.) Blue Grass Airport on August 27 last year for failing to realize that they were taking off from the wrong runway. The crash killed 49 people; the first officer, the sole survivor, sustained serious injuries. Runway 26, the runway the crew mistakenly used, is only 3,500 feet long; Runway 22, the runway they were cleared to use, is 7,003 feet long.
Italian accident investigators have concluded that human error on the part of two German pilots of a Cessna Citation CJ2 was the main cause of a fatal collision with a McDonnell Douglas MD-87 at Milan Linate Airport on Oct. 8, 2001.
DE HAVILLAND DHC-8, SEATTLE, WASH., JAN. 19, 2004–At 11:38 a.m. the flight crew of Dash 8 C-GTAQ inadvertently landed on a taxiway at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport (SEA). There were no injuries to the captain, first officer, flight attendant or any of the 32 passengers, nor was there any damage to the aircraft, which is owned and operated by Air Canada Jazz.
Pilots know that the primary job of EGPWS is to keep them from running into the ground, but they might not be aware that it can also warn them if they are about to land on the wrong runway, take off from a taxiway or cross an active runway, among a host of other incursion-preventing functions.
Embraer E170, Cleveland, Ohio, Feb. 18, 2007–The Shuttle America Embraer was substantially damaged when it hit a localizer antenna and a fence after overrunning snow-covered Runway 28 when landing at Cleveland Hopkins International Airport. The 74 people on board, including the captain, first officer and two flight attendants, were not injured.
Three Italian aviation officials and an air traffic controller have been sentenced to jail terms of between six and eight years after being convicted of manslaughter and negligence over the Oct. 8, 2001, fatal collision between a Cessna Citation CJ2 and a Scandinavian Airlines System McDonnell Douglas MD-87 at Milan Linate Airport.
Beech King Air B200, Hondo, Texas, Sept. 5, 2006–The Safety Board attributed the King Air accident to the airplane’s running over an unmarked pothole in the taxiway while taxiing for departure from Hondo Municipal Airport (HDO). A contributing factor was the rain obscuring the pothole.