The ATC phrases “climb via” and “descend via” were officially added to the pilot/controller glossary on April 3, indicating the FAA now expects pilots to understand and comply with the new abbreviated IFR clearances. Pilots can expect to hear these instructions when operating on standard instrument departures (SIDs) and standard terminal arrival routes (Stars) when ATC changes a procedure’s altitude restriction for some reason.
Standard Instrument Departure
The ATC committee of the Chicago Area Business Aviation Association (CABAA) can chalk up another win for local flight crews when a series of new IFR departure procedures for Chicago satellite airports take effect on October 17.
The new Rnav SIDs for Chicago O’ Hare (ORD) and Midway (MDW) airports scheduled for release last week were declared “technically unusable” until further notice after a potential problem was identified at the last minute.
Effective September 17, the FAA will implement new phraseology for aircraft departing via an Rnav SID at airports using simultaneous parallel-runway departures. Towers will now include the first SID waypoint in the takeoff clearance. For example, “Falcon 2GP, Rnav to (fix/waypoint), Runway 32 Left, cleared for takeoff.” The new procedure was designed to ensure crews have the correct procedure loaded in the aircraft’s FMS.
A recent Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) report of a Learjet 31 altitude bust on departure from Denver’s Centennial Airport (APA) reminds all aviators that miscommunication, poor preflight planning and a loss of situational awareness can lead to serious mistakes.
The FAA is making “significant changes,” effective August 15, that will affect pilots flying instrument departures and arrivals. Pilots unfamiliar with the new “climb via” changes could be faced with separation losses, pilot deviations and potentially tense moments in the cockpit, according to NBAA. The new “climb via” instruction for standard instrument departures (SIDs) mirrors the similar “descend via” instruction already being issued for standard terminal arrival route (Star) procedures.
The FAA is making “significant changes,” effective August 15, that will affect pilots flying instrument departures and arrivals, according to NBAA. Pilots unfamiliar with the new “climb via” changes could be faced with separation losses, pilot deviations and potentially tense moments in the cockpit, NBAA warns.
The NBAA says pilots flying Standard Instrument Departures (SIDs) after August 15 will need to be alert for a new interpretation of a well-known phrase, “climb via.” The procedural changes will be similar to those now taking affect for Standard Terminal Arrival Routes (STARs) using the term “descend via.”
Cockpit crews don’t always consider all their options during takeoff planning, according to Steve Leon, a member of NBAA’s Domestic Operations Committee and a former United Airlines pilot.
FAA Order JO 7110.65 is the manual–some call it the “ATC bible”–that air traffic controllers turn to for guidance about ATC procedures and phraseology. Last week, the Agency updated a few procedures to reflect a change in thinking about speeds and aircraft separation.
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