Jan. 1, 2006, is the date for the implementation of the International Civil Aviation Organization’s (ICAO) Chapter 4 noise limits. The latest noise and emissions standards (European terminology uses “Chapter” to correspond with the U.S.
Aviation and the environment
At its triennial meeting in Montreal in early October, the ICAO Assembly–which includes representatives from all 187 ICAO member nations–approved a more flexible approach to the application of aircraft noise regulations.
It may sound unreal, but it seems likely that future pilots could use a takeoff checklist sequence that reads “V1, rotate, V2, gear, climb power, check NOx, CO2, noise, flaps…”
As a sign of possible things to come for business aviation, the European Commission and the FAA announced on Monday a joint initiative to reduce aircraft emissions and combat climate change.
Europe’s primary weapon against global warming is the Emissions Trading Scheme (EU-ETS), a program rooted in the 1997 Kyoto Protocol. The EU-ETS encourages the use of climate-friendly technologies by rewarding businesses that invest in green technologies, thus turning their investments into quick, short-term profits.
Business aircraft manufacturers and operators had better tackle their environmental image sooner rather than later. Global warming has replaced noise as the number-one aviation-related environmental concern. The diagram on page 44 shows how easy it could be for green lobbies to persuade the public that the carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted by business jets is even less acceptable than that of airliners.
Within a decade, operators of aircraft with an mtow of 19,000 pounds or more and flying in the airspace of the 25-state European Union (EU) will likely have to start paying for carbon dioxide emissions from their engines.
Even though noise wasn’t a factor in the accident, February’s Challenger overrun at Teterboro has inevitably resurrected local residents’ complaints about aircraft noise. It doesn’t take much, as we all know, to reinvigorate the anti-noise folks.
The European Commission (EC) definitely wants to include aviation in the European Union’s Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) to cap the industry’s not-so-minor contribution to greenhouse effect gas emissions.
NASA has been studying various types of emissions from commercial aircraft to develop ways to reduce emissions and protect the environment. In recent years, fine-particle emissions from aircraft have been identified as possible contributors to global climate changes and to lower local air quality.